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Drought - Historical Risk, Global (v1.0)


This is a static historical dataset for the globe capturing the near-historical risk from drought (both short-term and long-term) over a 10 year period using SPEI data.

drought, global, risk, agriculture, regional, hazard, vegetation, frequency, spei
Temporal Extent:
2011-01-01 to 2022-01-01
11 km
Product Version:

Technical Description

The global Historical Drought Risk products capture historical risk of drought across the globe using well-established drought monitoring metrics such as Standardized Precipitation and Evaporation Index (SPEI). This risk indicator was computed using the monthly time series of SPEI at six time scale (6-month, 12-month, 18-month, 24-month, 30-month, and 32-month) and applying the relative frequency approach – the ratio of the number of months when the index is below or equal to a threshold indicating drought of moderate magnitude (SPEI < -1) to the total number of possible outcomes, considering the last 11 years (January 2011 – December 2022) as a reference period. These products are categorised into short-term and long-term drought blends for different applications.
Short-term products are more suited towards vegetative and agricultural drought monitoring, while the long-term products are more suited towards hydrological drought monitoring.

This dataset contains the following fields:

  • drought_frequency_probability: Probabilities (or alternatively frequencies) of drought occurrence at pixel locations over the the analysis period (2011-2022). These values are in the range of 0-1.